Teesta Delay and Its Impact on Hilsa Fish Supply to India

‘Teesta Delay Holding Up Hilsa Fish Supply to India’

For Prelims

About Teesta River

  • Teesta river is a tributary of the Brahmaputra which originates in the Tso Lhamo Lake near Chunthang, Sikkim and flows to West Bengal before entering Bangladesh and merging with Brahmaputra.
  • Teesta river water conflict is one of the most contentious issues between India and Bangladesh.
  • There are two major large barrages on Teesta that diverts water for mainly irrigation purpose which are:
  1. a)Gajoldobha in India
  2. b)Duani in Bangladesh.
Major Tributaries of Teesta River
Left-bank Tributaries Right-bank Tributaries
Lachung Chhu Zemu Chhu
Chakung Chhu Rangyong Chhu
Dik Chhu Rangit River
Rani Khola
Rangpo Chhu

About Hilsa Fish

IUCN status: Least Concerned

  • Hilsa (Tenualosa ilisha) is a species of fish in the family Clupeidae.
  • It is also the national fish of Bangladesh.
  • The largest number of these fishes are found in the Ganga Brahmaputra delta while a smaller number is found in Godavari River as well.
  • Bangladesh is the top hilsa-producing country in the world, followed by Myanmar and then India.

Other bilateral issues between India and Bangladesh

About Chittagong Hill Tracts [CHT] Accord:
  • Chittagong Hill Tract (CHT) Accord was signed in 1997 between The government of Bangladesh and Parbatya Chattogram Jana Sanghati Samity (PCJSS) representing Jumma indigenous people especially the Chakma People.
About Chakmas
  • Chakmas are a group of predominantly Buddhist community who lived in the Chittagong Hill Tracts.
  • They fled erstwhile East Pakistan (now Bangladesh) in 1964-65 and came to India and have since settled in Arunachal Pradesh.
  • The refugees were given voting rights in 2004.
  • In 2015, the Supreme Court asked the Union Government to grant citizenship to Chakmas who had migrated from Bangladesh in 1964-69.
About Rohingyas
  • The Rohingya people are stateless, Indo-Aryan ethnic group who migrated from present day Bangladesh during the colonial era to the Rakhine State, Myanmar.
  • They are described by the United Nations as the most persecuted minority in the world.
  • They have fled from Myanmar due racial conflicts and a large number of Rohingyas are settled in Bhasan Char Island in Bangladesh.

To know more about history of Bangladesh click here.


 Source The Hindu

         For more updates, Click Here