The Age-Old Bond: India and Greece’s Rekindled Relationship

The Age-Old Bond: India and Greece's Rekindled Relationship

The Age-Old Bond: India and Greece’s Rekindled Relationship


In the wake of a recent bilateral meeting between Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Greece’s Prime Minister Kyriakos Mitsotakis, a renewed vigor has been infused into the longstanding relationship between India and Greece. Despite the absence of high-level interactions since 1983, the essence of this enduring alliance has remained unscathed. The palpable warmth between the two nations has defied the test of time.


GS-02 (Bilateral relations)


  • Indian Diaspora

Mains Question:

  • Assess the significance of revitalizing and reshaping the bilateral relationship between India and Greece, considering both historical ties and contemporary geopolitical dynamics. 250 words.

Dimensions of the Article:

  • Historical Threads and Future Prospects
  • Geopolitical Dimensions and Maritime Security
  • Charting the Course Ahead

Historical Threads and Future Prospects:

  • Tracing back to Alexander’s historic expedition in 326 BCE, the threads of connectivity between India and Greece have been woven across the annals of time. Yet, these connections have predominantly revolved around tourism, trade (amounting to approximately $2 billion), and labor migration.
  • An overarching bilateral strategy has, until now, eluded the two nations. Prime Minister Modi’s interaction with Kathimerini, a Greek newspaper, reflects the potential alignment of India’s industrial ambitions with Greece’s aspirations as a conduit to the EU’s economic landscape. This convergence envisions a promising avenue for mutual growth.

Geopolitical Dimensions and Maritime Security:

  • Beyond historical nuances, the partnership holds a weighty geopolitical underpinning. Greece’s resurgence from economic challenges and its evolving engagement with Israel and Cyprus present an intriguing geopolitical tapestry. This triad, perceived as a counterweight to Turkey, resonates with India’s own geopolitical considerations.
  • Pertinent tensions between India and Turkey, particularly regarding the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) and the Kashmir issue, could find resonance in this emerging alignment. Furthermore, both India and Greece, with their maritime histories, confront shared concerns related to maritime security.
  • Both nations acknowledge their vested interests in upholding international maritime norms and laws. This acknowledgement underscores their mutual commitment to fostering stability in regions spanning the Eastern Mediterranean to the Indo-Pacific.

Charting the Course Ahead:

  • The laudable success of India’s Chandrayaan-3 mission served as a favorable augury for the relationship between these two democratic behemoths. The symbolism inherent in India’s accomplishments and Greece’s historical legacy imbues a sense of optimism.
  • Leveraging this momentum, the leaders envision an era of renewed cooperation. The temporal chasm that marked the interval between their past interactions and the present offers valuable lessons.
  • Both countries are poised to harness the prevailing conducive environment and channel it into a multifaceted partnership encompassing economic, geopolitical, and cultural dimensions.

Way Forward:

  • With a recalibrated approach, India and Greece must harness the palpable goodwill and historical resonance that underlie their relationship. Prioritizing sustained high-level dialogues, such as those between National Security Advisers, can furnish a structured framework for shared endeavors.
  • Embracing their respective roles as contributors to regional stability, the nations must leverage their strategic nexus for fostering peace and security across the Indo-Pacific and Eastern Mediterranean realms.
  • The aspiration to augment trade, in tandem with the negotiation of the India-EU Free Trade Agreement, necessitates a well-coordinated approach. Furthermore, the concerted pursuit of cultural preservation, underpinned by UNESCO’s imprimatur, reinforces their commitment to preserving shared heritage.


Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s visit to Greece signifies a pivotal moment in the narrative of India-Greece bilateral relations. As the historical ties between these two nations intersect with the imperatives of contemporary geopolitics, a new chapter is being written. The synergy between India’s economic ambitions and Greece’s aspirations as an EU gateway reflects a convergence of trajectories. This renewed affiliation, born from shared aspirations and historical resonances, stands as a testament to the enduring power of diplomatic engagement. In charting a course forward, India and Greece have the opportunity to steer their relationship towards a trajectory characterized by comprehensive cooperation, strategic synergy, and shared growth.