Important amendments of the Constitution
The important amendments
Fourteenth Amendment Act, 1962
Puducherry was incorporated in the Indian Union.
Provided provisions for the creation of legislatures and council of ministers for the Union Territories of Himachal Pradesh, Manipur, Tripura, Goa, Daman and Diu, and Puducherry.
Seventeenth Amendment Act, 1964
Made fair (market value) compensation mandatory for the state for the acquisition of privately cultivated land.
Added another 44 Acts to the Ninth Schedule.
Eighteenth Amendment Act, 1966
Allowed the Parliament to create a new state by uniting a part of a state or a union territory to another state or union territory.
Formation of Punjab and Haryana as new states.
Twenty Fourth Amendment Act, 1971
This Amendment Act was brought as the response for the Golaknath case (1967).
The Supreme Court in this case held that the Parliament could not take away any fundamental rights even through amending the constitution.
It made a provision saying that the parliament has the power to amend any part of the constitution including article 13 by amending the constitution.
Made it mandatory for the President to give assent to a Constitutional Amendment Bill.
Twenty-Fifth Amendment Act, 1971
Removed right to property from the fundamental rights.
It made it clear that any law made to fulfil the provisions of the Directive Principles contained under Article 39 (b) or (c) cannot be challenged on the ground it violates the fundamental rights given in Articles 14, 19, or 31.
Twenty-Sixth Amendment Act, 1971
It removed the privy purses and privileges given to the former monarchical rulers of princely states.
Thirty First Amendment Act, 1973
Increased the number of Lok Sabha seats from 525 to 545 due to the increase in the population of India as revealed in the Census of 1971.
Thirty Sixth Amendment Act, 1975
Made Sikkim a full-fledged State of the Indian Union and removed the Tenth Schedule.
Thirty-Eighth Amendment Act, 1975
Made the declaration of emergency by the President beyond judicial review.
Made the promulgation of ordinances by the President, governors and administrators of Union territories beyond judicial review.
Empowered the President to declare multiple proclamations of national emergency on different grounds simultaneously.