The panel holds back its report on crime Bills

current affairs - 2023-10-28

The panel holds back its report on crime Bills


Following pressure from opposition parties asking for more time to analyze it, the Parliamentary Standing Committee on Home Affairs postponed its adoption of a draft report on three Bills proposing to overhaul existing criminal legislation.

What is the Parliamentary Standing Committee on Home Affairs?

  • The Parliamentary Standing Committee on Home Affairs (SCOHA) is a committee of 30 parliamentarians that oversees the Ministry of Home Affairs. The committee’s tasks include the following: 
    • Domestic policy, internal security, and decision-making are all subject to legislative monitoring.
    • Examining proposed legislation to replace existing criminal laws
  • The Parliamentary Standing Committee on Home Affairs (SCOHA) is a department-related standing committee (DRSC) of selected members of parliament appointed by the Parliament of India to provide legislative oversight of the Ministry of Home Affairs’ domestic policy, internal security, and decision-making. It is one of the 24 DRSCs tasked with the challenging duty of ministry-specific oversight.
  • MP Anand Sharma now chairs the committee.
  • The committee is presently reviewing three criminal legislation bills: 
    • Bill on Bharatiya Nyaya Sanhita
    • Bill for Bharatiya Nagarik Suraksha Sanhita
    • Bill on Bharatiya Sakshya
  • In its draft report on the three laws, the committee is likely to recommend that Section 377 and the adultery statute be reinstated. 

What are the criticisms faced by the SCOHA on the review of new bills?

  • Late circulation of the draft report: The English version of the draft report was circulated barely a week before the planned adoption, while the Hindi version was delivered to members of the Parliamentary panel only hours before the meeting where adoption was scheduled.
  • Inadequate Consultations: Members of the opposition have criticized the process, arguing that the 12 sessions held since August 24 are insufficient considering the importance and complexity of the proposed Bills.

How is the delay going to affect the public?

  • Legal Reform Confusion: The delay may result in continuing confusion about the proposed reforms to India’s criminal laws. This may affect the legal landscape, making it difficult for individuals, law enforcement, and the judiciary to foresee and respond to upcoming legal developments.
  • Legislative Process: The postponement emphasizes the difficulties in the legislative process. It could indicate a lack of agreement or serious reservations among members of the Parliamentary Standing Committee on Home Affairs about the proposed Bills. This has the potential to slow down the legislative process.
  • Impact on Governance: Delayed passage of these Bills may jeopardize the government’s capacity to efficiently implement the proposed legal reforms. The legislative agenda and priorities of the government may be jeopardized.
  • Stakeholder Engagement: The delay may provide stakeholders additional opportunities to engage in discussions and provide comments on the proposed modifications, such as state governments, legal experts, and civil society organizations. This could result in more comprehensive and well-thought-out legislation.
  • Political Implications: The delay may have political ramifications because it appears to be the consequence of opposition parties requesting more time for investigation. This could spark political arguments and debates over the government’s approach to legislative amendments.


This circumstance demonstrates the complex and contentious character of the proposed Bills, as well as the necessity for additional debates and possibly amendments before they are implemented. The delay in adopting the draft report implies that more time and deliberation may be required to address the concerns voiced by Opposition members and others.