Wheat Stock Limit for Food Security

Wheat Stock Limit for Food Security


To ensure food security and curb hoarding and speculative activities, the Government of India has implemented stock limits on wheat across all States and Union Territories until March 31, 2025.


GS-03 (Economy)

Key Details:

  • Objective: The move aims to manage food security and prevent hoarding and unscrupulous speculation in the wheat market.
  • Legislation: The Removal of Licensing Requirements, Stock Limits, and Movement Restrictions on Specified Foodstuffs (Amendment) Order, 2024, came into effect on June 24, 2024.
  • Duration: The order is effective immediately and will remain in force until March 31, 2025.

Stock Limits Imposed:

  • Traders/Wholesalers: Maximum limit of 3000 metric tons (MT).
  • Retailers: Maximum limit of 10 MT per retail outlet.
  • Big Chain Retailers: 10 MT per outlet and 3000 MT across all their depots.
  • Processors: Maximum of 70% of Monthly Installed Capacity (MIC) multiplied by the remaining months of the fiscal year 2024-25.


  • Adjustment Period: Entities holding stocks above the prescribed limits must reduce their stock to the permissible level within 30 days of the notification.


The imposition of stock limits is a strategic measure by the government to ensure the availability and fair distribution of wheat, mitigate potential price hikes, and maintain market stability. This action is a critical step in safeguarding the nation’s food security and preventing market manipulation by traders and processors.