With lessons from the Ukraine war, the Army revises its artillery plan

With lessons from the Ukraine war, the Army revises its artillery plan

With lessons from the Ukraine war, the Army revises its artillery plan

What is the historical background of Indian Artillery?

  • Mughal Empire (1526-1857)
      • The Mughal Empire (1526-1857), one of the most powerful empires in Indian history, made substantial contributions to the development and employment of artillery in India.
      • Firearms and artillery were brought by Emperor Babur, who established the Mughal Empire in India. In conflicts against indigenous Indian monarchs, Babur’s soldiers employed early cannons.
  • The Marathas (1674-1818):
      • The artillery corps of the Maratha Empire, which arose in the 17th century, was well-organized. In different battles and campaigns, they used cannons and other artillery pieces.
  • British East India Company
      • India became a battleground for many European nations during the colonial era. In particular, the British East India Company developed superior artillery systems and tactics.
      • During this time, the British Indian Army established modern artillery units equipped with cannons and howitzers.
  • World War I and the Declaration of Independence:
      • As part of the British Indian Army, Indian artillery forces played an important role in both World Wars. They were used in a variety of combat zones.
      • The Indian Army inherited and continued to improve its artillery after India gained independence from British colonial rule in 1947.
  • Post-Independence Period:
    • India focused on strengthening indigenous artillery capability after independence. In this regard, the Ordnance Factory Board (OFB) and the Defence Research and Development Organization (DRDO) performed critical roles.
    • India has created and acquired a diverse array of artillery systems, including field guns, howitzers, rocket launchers, and anti-aircraft guns.

What are the lessons learnt from the Russian-Ukrain war?

  • Firepower is essential: The Ukraine war demonstrated the significance of firepower as a key factor in modern combat.
  • Target Acquisition and Engagement in Record Time: The battle in Ukraine demonstrated the need for early target acquisition and engagement.
  • Survivability Matters: The Ukraine war showed the importance of artillery survival in the face of contemporary threats.
  • Preparation for Prolonged Warfare: The Ukraine crisis emphasized the need to be prepared for long-term wars and the importance of sustaining operations
  • Lesson on Indigenization and Modernization: The Ukraine war highlighted the need for modernizing indigenous military equipment and weapons.

What are the changes that the Indian army is planning to bring to its artillery corps?

  • Focus on the Firepower: The Indian Army emphasizes the importance of firepower as a key aspect of modern warfare. It is investing in artillery systems that can provide increased firepower in terms of both range and precision.
  • Rapid Response and Mobility: In response to the shorter target acquisition and engagement times seen in current conflicts, the Army is responding by obtaining more nimble and responsive artillery equipment. Self-propelled and mounted gun systems that can be quickly deployed and repositioned are examples of this.
  • Enhanced Survivability: Recognizing the importance of survivability, the Army is using techniques like “shoot-and-scoot,” which involves firing on a target fast and then relocating to evade counter-fire. This strategy improves artillery unit survivability.
  • Preparation for Long-Term Conflict: The Indian Army is taking steps to guarantee that it is ready for long-term battles. This entails establishing a strong defence industry ecosystem to ensure a long-term supply of equipment and weapons.
  • Indigenization and Modernization: India is working to modernize its artillery by introducing new systems such as the M777 Ultra Light Howitzer and the K9-Vajra Self-Propelled Guns. There is also a focus on indigenization, minimizing reliance on foreign suppliers, and building domestic capabilities.


To summarize, the Indian Army’s artillery unit is undergoing a major makeover in order to meet the demands of modern warfare. This includes a heavy emphasis on firepower, agility, survivability, and indigenization, which are all critical for maintaining a viable and successful artillery force in the face of changing security concerns.