Yemeni Civil War
#GS 02 International Relations
- Yemen officially the Republic of Yemen, is a country in Western Asia.
- It is situated on the southern end of the Arabian Peninsula, and borders Saudi Arabia to the north and Oman to the northeast and shares maritime borders with Eritrea, Djibouti, and Somalia.
- Yemen is the second-largest Arab sovereign state in the peninsula.
Yemeni Civil War:
- The eight-year-old conflict is between the internationally recognized government, which is backed by a Saudi-led military coalition, and Houthi rebels supported by Iran.
- Yemen’s civil war began in 2014 when Houthi insurgents took control of Yemen’s capital and largest city, Sana’a, demanding lower fuel prices and a new government.
- Beginning in March 2015, a coalition of Gulf states led by Saudi Arabia launched a campaign of economic isolation and air strikes against the Houthi insurgents, with S. logistical and intelligence support.
- The Houthis, officially known as Ansar Allah (Partisans of God), are an Iranian-backed, Shiite Muslim military and political movement in Yemen.
- The movement was founded in the 1990s by Hussein Badreddin al-Houthi, a member of Yemen’s Shia majority.
- Its members, who subscribe to the minority Zaidi sect of Shiite Islam, advocate regional autonomy for Zaidis in northern Yemen.
- The country’s humanitarian crisis is said to be among the worst in the world, due to widespread hunger, disease, and attacks on civilians.
- The conflict has displaced more than four million people and given rise to cholera outbreaks, medicine shortages, and threats of famine.
- The intervention of regional powers in Yemen’s conflict threatens to draw the country into a larger Sunni-Shia
- As per UNICEF reports more than 11,000 children have been killed or wounded in the conflict in Yemen since 2015
- Separate from the ongoing civil war, the United States continues counterterrorism operations in Yemen, mainly by airstrikes to target al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP) and Islamic State.