About NHRC:

  • The National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) is a non-profit organization that promotes human rights in the United States.
  • The Protection of Human Rights Act (PHRA) of 1993 created it as a statutory organization on October 12, 1993.
  • In addition, the State Human Rights Commission is established by the Act.


  • The chairperson is either a retired Chief Justice of India or a Supreme Court judge.
  • The President appoints them based on the recommendations of a six-member commission that includes:
  • Leaders of the Opposition in both Houses of Parliament Union Home Minister Prime Minister (head) Speaker of the Lok Sabha Deputy Chairman of the Rajya Sabha

Term and termination:

  • They are in office for three years or until they reach the age of 70, whichever comes first.
  • Under certain circumstances, the President has the authority to remove them from office.

Source The Hindu