Nuclear Powerplants in India
#GS-03 Science and Technology
India and Nuclear Energy:
- Nuclear power is the fifth-largest source of electricity in India after coal, gas, hydroelectricity and wind power.
- Currently, India has 22 nuclear power reactors operating in 7 states, with an installed capacity of 6780 MegaWatt electric (MWe).
- 18 reactors are Pressurised Heavy Water Reactors (PHWRs) and 4 are Light Water Reactors (LWRs).
Operational Nuclear Power Plants in India
|Name Of Nuclear Power Station||Location||Operator||Capacity|
|Kakrapar Atomic Power Station – 1993||Gujarat||NPCIL||440|
|(Kalpakkam) Madras Atomic Power Station – 1984||Tamil Nadu||NPCIL||440|
|Narora Atomic Power Station- 1991||Uttar Pradesh||NPCIL||440|
|Kaiga Nuclear Power Plant -2000||Karnataka||NPCIL||880|
|Rajasthan Atomic Power Station – 1973||Rajasthan||NPCIL||1,180|
|Tarapur Atomic Power Station – 1969||Maharashtra||NPCIL||1,400|
|Kudankulam Nuclear Power Plant – 2013||Tamil Nadu||NPCIL||2,000|
Nuclear Power Corporation of India Limited:
- The Nuclear Power Corporation of India Limited is an Indian public sector undertaking based in Mumbai, Maharashtra.
- It is wholly owned by the Government of India and is responsible for the generation of electricity from nuclear power.
- NPCIL is administered by the Department of Atomic Energy.
- Rosatom, also known as Rosatom State Nuclear Energy Corporation is a Russian state corporation headquartered in Moscow that specializes in nuclear energy.
- Rosatom’s nuclear fuel division, TVEL Fuel Company, is the current supplier of TVS – 2 M fuel for the two VVER 1,000 MWe reactors generating power in the Kudankulam Nuclear Power Project (KKNPP).
- This fuel has an 18–month fuel cycle, meaning that the reactor has to be stopped for fresh fuel loading every one-and-a-half years.
- TVEL has now offered the more modern Advanced Technology Fuel (ATF), whose fuel cycle is 24 months.
- This will ensure more efficiency, additional power generation due to prolonged operation of the reactor and sizeable savings of the foreign exchange needed to buy fresh fuel assemblies from Russia.