Terms related to Elephants in India
#GS-03 Biodiversity Conservation
- Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972: Schedule I
- IUCN Red List of threatened species:
- Major Threats: Habitat loss, degradation and fragmentation.
- African elephants : Vulnerable
- Asian elephants :
- Kumki or Koomkie is a term used in India (especially south India) for captive Asian elephants that are trained to be used in operations to trap wild elephants.
- They are also sometimes used to rescue or to provide medical treatment to an injured or trapped wild elephant.
- PT-7 or Palakkad Tusker-7 is the codename of a rouge elephant which has been terrorising residents of Dhoni and neighbouring areas in Palakkad, Kerala for the last two years.
- A Tusker is an animal with well developed tusks. The word is usually used to denote an adult male elephant.
Initiatives for Protection of Elephants:
- It was launched by the Government of India in 1992 as a Centrally Sponsored Scheme for the protection of elephants, their habitats and corridors.
Asian Elephant Specialist Group (AsESG):
- AsESG is an integral part of the Species Survival Commission (SSC) of the IUCN.
- Its aim is to promote the long-term conservation of Asia’s elephants and wherever possible, the recovery of their populations to viable levels.
- It is a nationwide awareness campaign led by Wildlife Institute of India (WII) to celebrate elephants and highlight the necessity of securing elephant corridors.
Monitoring the Killing of Elephants (MIKE):
- The Monitoring the Killing of Elephants (MIKE) programme was launched in 2003.
- It is an international collaboration that tracks trends in information related to the illegal killing of elephants from across Africa and Asia, in order to monitor effectiveness of field conservation efforts.
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