#GS-03 Science and Technology

For Prelims

About Vikram S:

  • Vikram S is the first privately developed rocket.
  • It is expected to launch from the ISRO (Indian Space Research Organisation) launchpad in Sriharikota, between November 12 and 16.
  • It was developed by the Hyderabad-based Skyroot Aerospace.
  • The Vikram-S rocket is a single-stage sub-orbital launch vehicle which would carry three customer payloads.
  • It is also going to help test and validate the majority of the technologies in the Vikram series of space launch vehicles.
  • The mission named ‘Prarambh’ (the beginning) since it is the first mission for Skyroot.
  • The rocket was unveiled by ISRO Chairman S. Somanath in Bengaluru after the technical launch clearance from the space regulator IN-SPACe.
  • Skyroot’s launch vehicles are named ‘Vikram’ as a tribute to the founder of the Indian space programme and renowned scientist Vikram Sarabhai.
  • With this maiden mission, Skyroot is set to become the first private space company in India to launch a rocket into space.
  • Skyroot has been developing three variants of the Vikram rocket.
  • While the Vikram-I can carry 480 kilograms of payload to Low Earth Orbit, the Vikram-II is equipped to lift off with 595 kilograms of cargo.
  • Meanwhile, Vikram-III can launch with 815 kg to 500 km Low Inclination Orbit.

About IN-SPACe:

  • Indian National Space Promotion and Authorization Centre (IN-SPACe) has been created to act as a single-point interface between Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO), and everyone who wants to participate in space-related activities, or use India’s space resources.
  • It will also hand-hold, promote and guide the private industries in space activities through encouraging policies and a friendly regulatory environment.
  • IN-SAPCe will take up the establishment of temporary and permanent facilities, including infrastructure and safety measures.
  • It will also be handling building, operating, and control of spacecraft for registration as an Indian Satellite.
  • Rolling out of space-based activities and usage of spacecraft data will be governed by this agency.
  • These reforms will allow ISRO to focus more on new technologies, exploration missions and human spaceflight programme.