IAS Current affairs - Front-Running



• Axis Asset Management Company, which manages assets worth Rs 259,818 crore, suspended two fund managers recently for various irregularities, including front-running the AMC’s transactions on their personal accounts.

What is Front Running?

• In India, front-running is defined as the purchase of a stock based on advance non-public information about a significant transaction that will affect the price of the stock.
• Before executing the MFs’ order, some fund managers buy the same shares in their personal accounts.
• When mutual funds buy in large volumes, the stock price is predicted to rise.
• Because a person who engages in front running expects securities price fluctuations based on non-public information, Sebi has classified it as a type of market manipulation and insider trading. Sbi has already investigated and sanctioned a number of fund companies and fund managers for front-running.
• According to market sources, front-running has been very common in mutual fund houses and foreign portfolio investors.

What is a mutual fund?

• Mutual fund is a mechanism for pooling the resources by issuing units to the investors and investing funds in securities in accordance with objectives as disclosed in offer document.
• Investments in securities are spread across a wide cross-section of industries and sectors and thus the risk is reduced.
• A mutual fund assists in the accumulation of funds for investment reasons, which stimulates the economy’s industries.
• It invests the public’s tiny savings and channelizes them into the economy.
• The Securities and Exchange Board of India is a statutory agency that regulates mutual funds and India’s capital market. It was created in 1992.

Source: THE HINDU.

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