Mahadayi river water project
#GS-01 Geography, #GS-02 Interstate River water dispute
- Mahadayi River known as Mandovi in Goa is called the lifeline of the Indian state of Goa.
- It originates in the Western Ghats from Bhimgad Wildlife Sanctuary in Belagavi district of Karnataka.
- The river travels 35 km through Karnataka and 82 km through Goa before ending up in the Arabian Sea.
- Mahadayi/Mandovi is one of two major rivers that flow through Goa the other being the Zuari river.
- Madovi river meets Zuari river at Cabo Aguada and together they form the Mormugao harbour.
Kalasa – Banduri Project:
- Kalasa – Banduri Project a proposed dam building project that has been designed to divert water from the Mahadayi basin to the basin of the Malaprabha river.
- Kalasa and Banduri are two major tributaries of the Mahadayi
- The plan is aimed at supplying drinking water for 13 towns in drought-hit northern Karnataka.
- Such as the districts of Dharwad, Belagavi, Bagalkote and Gadag.
- The planning for Kalasa – Banduri Project started in 1989 but was opposed by Goa.
- The Mahadayi Water Disputes Tribunal was set up in 2010 to settle the dispute with Goa, Karnataka and Maharashtra as parties.
- The central government has recently given approval to the revised Detailed Project Report (DPR) for Kalasa – Banduri Project.