#GS 01 Art and Culture

For Prelims


  • Ramcharitmanas was written during the 16th century in the Awadhi language by Indian bhakti poet Tulsidas.
  • It is based on the Ramayana and tells the story of Lord Ram from his birth to him becoming King of Ayodhya and is divided into seven chapters (Kand).
  • They are called Bala Kanda, Ayodhya Kanda, Aranya Kanda, Kishkindakand, Sundar Kanda, Lanka Kanda, and Uttar Kanda.


  • Tulsidas also known as Goswami Tulsidas was a Vaishnava Hindu saint and poet, renowned for his devotion to Lord Ram.
  • He is best known as the author of the Hanuman Chalisa and of the epic Ramcharitmanas, a retelling of Ramayana in the Awadhi language.
  • He built the Sankatmochan Temple in the city of Varanasi dedicated to Lord Hanuman.
  • He is also credited with starting the Ramlila plays, which is a folk-theatre adaptation of the Ramayana.
  • Tulsidas is responsible for making the story of Lord Ram popular among the masses because his writing in the regional dialect which helped most people to understand the epic.
  • He was a contemporary of the Mughal emperor Akbar.
Other works of Tulsidas include the following;
  • Dohavali, Sahitya ratna or Ratna Ramayan, Gitavali , Krishna Gitavali or Krishnavali  and Vinaya Patrika

Source “Poster over Ramcharitmanas row at SP headquarters

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