Risking all for The Love of Aravalis
- They are spread across Haryana, Rajasthan, Gujarat, and Delhi, over a total of 692 kilometre (km).
- There are divided into two main ranges, Sambhar Sirohi Range and the Sambhar Khetri Range.
- They are fold mountains formed in a convergent plate boundary.
The significance of Aravalis
- They act as a barrier between the fertile plains of Punjab and Haryana and the western desert (Thar).
- They provide home to over 300 indigenous plant species and over 120 bird species and a range of endemic animal species.
- They also help divert monsoon to the Sub Himalayan region which helps in the formation of multiple river systems in northern India.
What are the concerns
- Illegal quarrying has resulted in the loss of a large portion of the hill ranges along with its forest cover.
- The quarrying in the hill ranges increases the pollution caused by particulate matter (PM 10 and PM 2.5) in the Delhi NCR region.
- The drainage pattern in the region has been altered resulting in the death of a number if rivers and their tributaries.
- The loss of forested land has resulted in increasing conflict between man and animal as well as loss of the natural habitat of a large number of species.
Why illegal mining is continuing
- The main reason can be said to be a lack of political will.
- Another reason cited is the overlapping of jurisdictions due to the large area covered by the ranges as well as lack of clearcut demarcation in the region.