A chance to expand the world’s biosphere footprint
# GS-03 Biodiversity
- The Man And Biosphere programme is an intergovernmental scientific programme that aims to establish a scientific basis for enhancing the relationship between people and their environments.
- It combines the natural and social sciences with a view to improving human livelihoods and safeguarding natural and managed ecosystems, thus promoting innovative approaches to economic development that are socially and culturally appropriate and environmentally sustainable.
- November 3 will be the first ‘The International Day for Biosphere Reserves’, to be celebrated beginning 2022.
MAB sites in India:
|2000||Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve||Tamil Nadu|
|2001||Gulf of Mannar Biosphere Reserve||Tamil Nadu|
|2001||Sundarbans Biosphere Reserve||West Bengal|
|2004||Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve||Uttarakhand|
|2009||Pachmarhi Biosphere Reserve||Madhya Pradesh|
|2009||Nokrek Biosphere Reserve||Meghalaya|
|2009||Simlipal Biosphere Reserve||Odisha|
|2012||Achanakmar-Amarkantak Biosphere Reserve||Chhattisgarh|
|2013||Great Nicobar Biosphere Reserve||Great Nicobar|
|2016||Agasthyamala Biosphere Reserve||Kerala and Tamil Nadu|
|2018||Kanchenjunga Biosphere Reserve||Sikkim|
|2020||Panna Biosphere Reserve||Madhya Pradesh|
About World Network of Biosphere Reserves (WNBR):
- The World Network of Biosphere Reserves (WNBR) was formed in 1971, as a backbone for biodiversity conservation, ecosystem restoration, and living in harmony with nature.
- WNBR is a unique tool for cooperation through sharing knowledge, exchanging experiences, building capacity and promoting best practices. Its members are always ready to support each other.
- In South Asia, over 30 biosphere reserves have been established.
- The first one was the Hurulu Biosphere Reserve, in Sri Lanka, with 25,500 hectares of tropical dry evergreen forest.
- In India, the first biosphere reserve was designated by UNESCO in 2000 namely the Nilgiris.
- Bangladesh, Bhutan, and Nepal do not have biospheres as yet.
- Spain, with a landmass of 506,000 km2, and a population of 47.4 million is one of the lead participating WNBR countries globally, with 53 properties.
- The World Network of Biosphere Reserves currently counts 738 sites in 134 countries all over the world, including 22 transboundary sites.