Biodiversity Heritage Site
Biodiversity Heritage Site:
Biodiversity Heritage Sites are areas that are unique, ecologically fragile ecosystems – terrestrial, coastal, inland and marine waters – having a rich biodiversity.
|Sl No||Biodiversity Heritage Site (BHS)||District/State|
|1.||Nallur Tamarind Grove||Bangalore, Karnataka|
|3.||University of Agricultural Sciences, Bengaluru||Karnataka|
|5.||Glory of Allapalli||Maharashtra|
|6.||Tonglu BHS and Dhotrey BHS under the Darjeeling Forest Division||Darjeeling, West Bengal|
|10.||Gharial Rehabilitation Centre||Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh|
|11.||Chilkigarh Kanak Durga||West Bengal|
|12.||Khlaw Kur Syiem KmieIng||Meghalaya|
|15.||Naro Hills||Madhya Pradesh|
|18.||Arittapatti and Meenakshipuram villages||Madurai, Tamil Nadu|
Biological Diversity Act, 2002:
- Biodiversity Act 2002 is an Act of the Parliament of India enacted to conserve biological diversity in India.
- The act was passed on February 5, 2003, and commenced on October 1, 2003, and July 1, 2004.
- Biodiversity Act 2002 is the first attempt in India to legislate the conservation of biodiversity.
As per Section 37 of the Biological Diversity Act, 2002,
- State Governments can notify in the official gazette, in consultation with ‘local bodies’, areas of biodiversity importance as BHS.
- State Government in consultation with the Central Government may frame rules for the management and conservation of BHS.
- State Governments can frame schemes for compensating or rehabilitating anyone economically affected by such notification.
- Biodiversity is the variation among living organisms from different sources including terrestrial, marine and desert ecosystems, and the ecological complexes of which they are a part.
Types of Biodiversity:
There are the following three different types of biodiversity:
- Genetic Biodiversity
- Species Biodiversity
- Ecological Biodiversity