Building climate resilience collectively
#GS-03 Infrastructure, Climate Change
Long-Term Low-Carbon Development Strategy (LT-LCDS):
- LT-LCDS is India’s long-term climate action plan unveiled at the 27th Conference of the Parties to the UNFCC (COP27), held in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt, in November.
- It has multi-sectoral measures to reach a net-zero emissions status, climate-resilient urbanisation and forms a cornerstone of the Government of India’s strategy under the Paris Agreement.
Need of Data and Urban Planning:
- A data-driven approach is essential to facilitate implementation of the LT-LCDS and other missions, and enable their integration.
- Adequate data would make it easier to demonstrate urban planning strategies aimed at climate resilience through specific actions and interventions.
- It would also allow us to link them to various finance streams accessible to the urban local bodies, which is highly important.
- Cities need to have effective and efficient planning instruments that can translate master plans into transformative investment
- The Urban Sustainability Assessment Framework (USAF) is a major tool which help in this.
- USAF is a decision support tool of UN-Habitat for municipal commissioners and urban practitioners.
- It enables cities to capture inter-sectoral data regularly and does the corresponding analysis on urban metrices.
- This in turn helps in monitoring the performance of a city in static and dynamic contexts.
The urban transport sector and GHG emissions:
- The urban transport sector is one of the major contributors to greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions.
- We can see this in cities such as Bhopal (Madhya Pradesh) where they make up for 19% of the city’s GHG emissions.
- Bhopal heavily favours non-motorised transport (NMT) with a 43% NMT modal share.
- However, they provide access to public bike docking stops to only 24% of its population and only half of its streets have footpaths.
- Hence, the city can immensely reduce its carbon footprint by designing ‘shared streets’ for personal vehicles, public transport, NMT and
- They can also link these with future economic activity zones and underserved areas.
- These streets can also be conduits for native plant species and improving groundwater recharge by integrating water-sensitive urban design features.
- These measures have the potential of reducing Bhopal’s GHG emissions by up to 15 tCO2/annum per kilometre.
What needs to be done:
- The suggested planning approach needs to have a comprehensive participation of all stakeholders in order to build climate resilience.
- Active involvement from various tiers of government, non–governmental, community-based organisations, and academic institutions is needed at each step.
- The means from building a sustainability profile to arriving at very specific interventions, there needs to be a coordination between government and civil society.
- Changes in the city performance indicators will help to communicate the impact of these interventions to the decision-makers and the community at large.
- This evidence-based approach can make the cities sustainable, resilient and inclusive with no one and no place left behind.